This project is developing a framework to help designers create location-based, playful systems.

These systems facilitate interactive, social experiences that build from, and depend on, features of the places where people will use these systems.

Location dependence
The design-for-location framework on printed cards (also available in a web format)


  • Macdonald, Lorna, Matthews, Ben, and Viller, Stephen (2020). Design guidance for location-based play: a review of research frameworks. DRS2020, Brisbane, QLD, Australia, 11-14 August, 2020. London, United Kingdom: Design Research Society.    
  • Morrison, Ann, Macdonald, Lorna, MacColl, Ian and Simpson, Matthew (2006). The Pedagogical Practice of Locative Experience. Leonardo Electronic Almanac (LEA), 14 (3), 1-3. 
  • Macdonald, Lorna. (2005, January). Designing for location-dependence. In 42nd Digital Arts and Culture Conference 2005 (pp. 1-4). 

Get in touch

Lorna Macdonald 


Project members

Dr Ben Matthews

Senior Lecturer
School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering

Associate Professor Stephen Viller

Discipline Leader Human Centred Computing & Associate Professor
School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering